Drum and bass
(commonly abbreviated to d&b, DnB, dnb, d'n'b, drum n bass, drum & bass) is a type of electronic dance music also known as jungle which emerged in the late 1980s. The genre is characterised by fast tempo broken beat drums (generally between 160–180 beats per minute, but also having occasional differences in some older compositions), with heavy sub basslines. The key distinction to this particular electronic musical genre is that the melody is in the bassline.. This means that although there can be various high frequency elements to a particular musical selection, they do not actually function as a melody rather their role is to simply provide texture to accompany the melody in the bass..This feature of drum and bass is what makes it unique with regard to other styles of western music or even other types of electronic music..In the 2000s, drum and bass is still considered an underground musical style, but it has nevertheless had a significant influence on popular music and culture.
Drum and bass began as an offshoot of the UK's hardcore rave scene of the very early 90s, and over the first decade of its existence there were many permutations in its style, incorporating elements from ragga, dancehall, electro, funk, hip hop, house, jazz, heavy metal, reggae, rock, techno and trance.
Recently, smaller scenes within the drum and bass community have developed and the scene as a whole has become much more fractured into specific sub-genres. The generally accepted and major sub-genres of drum and bass include:
Darkstep (or "Darkside" or "Dark", the return of the old skool sound of Drum and bass made with new technology - Bizzy B, Equinox, Breakage ext)
Drumfunk (or "Choppage", "Edits")
Electrostep (or "Trancestep")
Intelligent (or "Atmospheric" or "Ambient")
Jazzstep (or "Jazz and Bass")
Liquid funk (or simply "Liquid")
Neurofunk (or "Neuro")
Sambass (or "Brazilian Drum and Bass")
Techstep (or "Tech")
Techno-DNB (or "Techno Drum and Bass")
The following are to a lesser and great degree, arguable subgenres, they would generally be described as separate genres by their proponents:
Breakcore (arguably a different genre, not a subgenre, with many differences)
Darkcore (both a precursor and a descendant of drum and bass since modern darkcore productions share much with darkstep
Raggacore (arguably a different genre, not a subgenre, with many differences)
Ragga jungle (arguably a different genre, not a subgenre - a modern sound which shares most if not all characteristics with early jungle music - difficult to differentiate - perhaps through frequent mention of H.I.M. Haile Selassie and other Rastafarian themes)
As with all attempts to classify and categorize music, the above should not be treated as definitive. Many producers release albums and tracks which touch into many of the above styles and there are significant arguments as to the classification of tracks as well as the basic defining characteristics of subgenres. The list of arguable subgenres in particular should not be treated as definitive.
Last edited by Grooby on Sep.21.08 11:47 am, edited 3 times in total.